5 Secrets to Foot and Ankle Tendinitis

One of the most common foot and ankle injuries is tendinitis (also called tendonitis or tendinopathy). Tendinitis occurs when the tissue that connects muscles to bone becomes inflamed. This can be caused by excessive exercise, a sudden increase in activity level, or poor arch support of your shoes—or any combination of these things! Other causes include: running on hard surfaces …

Turf Toe

What Is Turf Toe?    Turf toe is a sprain of the big toe joint resulting from injury during sports activities. The injury usually results from excessive upward bending of the big toe joint. The condition can be caused from either jamming the toe or from repetitive injury when pushing off repeatedly when running or jumping. Although this injury is …

Talar Dome Lesion

What Is a Talar Dome Lesion?    The ankle joint is composed of the bottom of the tibia (shin) bone and the top of the talus (ankle) bone. The top of the talus is dome-shaped and is completely covered with cartilage—a tough, rubbery tissue that enables the ankle to move smoothly. A talar dome lesion is an injury to the …

Stress Fractures of the Foot

Stress fractures are tiny hairline breaks that can occur in the bones of the foot. They can be caused by overtraining or overuse, improper training habits or surfaces, improper shoes, flatfoot or other foot deformities and osteoporosis. These tiny breaks in the bones of the feet can lead to a complete break if left untreated. Pain, swelling, redness and bruising …

Shin Splints

Shin splints (Exertional Compartment Syndrome) is a term to describe pain and swelling in the front of the lower legs. The pain usually appears after and is aggravated by repetitive activities, such as running or walking. Contributing causes are flat feet, calf tightness, improper training techniques, worn-out or improper shoes/sneakers as well as running or walking on uneven surfaces. The …

Sesamoiditis (Dancer’s Injury)

What Is a Sesamoid?    A sesamoid is a bone embedded in a tendon. Sesamoids are found in several joints in the body. In the normal foot, the sesamoids are two pea-shaped bones located in the ball of the foot, beneath the big toe joint. Acting as a pulley for tendons, the sesamoids help the big toe move normally and …

Peroneal Tendinitis

What Are the Peroneal Tendons?   A tendon is a band of tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. The two peroneal tendons in the foot run side by side behind the outer ankle bone. One peroneal tendon attaches to the outer part of the midfoot, while the other tendon runs under the foot and attaches near the inside …

Os Trigonum Syndrome

What Is the Os Trigonum?   The os trigonum is an extra (accessory) bone that sometimes develops behind the ankle bone (talus). It is connected to the talus by a fibrous band. The presence of an os trigonum in one or both feet is congenital (present at birth). It becomes evident during adolescence when one area of the talus does …

Lisfranc Injuries

What Is the Lisfranc Joint?   The Lisfranc joint is the point at which the metatarsal bones (long bones that lead up to the toes) and the tarsal bones (bones in the arch) connect. The Lisfranc ligament is a tough band of tissue that joins two of these bones. This is important for maintaining proper alignment and strength of the …