Painless Bunion Surgery

Minimal incision, aesthetic correction, nearly painless postoperative course. The next generation of painless bunion surgery by Glendale Podiatrist Dr. Samvel Keshishyan.

What Is a Bunion?

A bunion is a gradual dislocation of the big toe. This forces the big toe to bend toward the others, causing an often painful lump of bone on the foot. Since this joint carries a lot of the body’s weight while walking, bunions can cause extreme pain if left untreated. The big toe joint itself may become stiff and sore, making even the wearing of shoes difficult or impossible. Bunions can also occur on the outside of the foot along the little toe, where it is called a “bunionette” or “tailor’s bunion.”

Symptoms

  • Development of a firm bump on the outside edge of the foot, at the base of the big toe.
  • Redness, swelling, or pain at or near the MTP joint.
  • Corns or other irritations caused by the overlap of the first and second toes.
  • Restricted or painful motion of the big toe.

How Do You Get a Bunion?

Bunions form when the normal balance of forces that is exerted on the joints and tendons of the foot becomes disrupted. This can lead to instability in the joint and cause the deformity. They are brought about by years of abnormal motion and pressure over the MTP joint. They are, therefore, a symptom of faulty foot development and are usually caused by the way we walk, and our inherited foot type, our shoes, or other sources.

Although bunions tend to run in families, it is the foot type that is passed down—not the bunion. Parents who suffer from poor foot mechanics can pass their problematic foot type on to their children, who, in turn, are also prone to developing bunions. The abnormal functioning caused by this faulty foot development can lead to pressure being exerted on and within the foot, often resulting in bone and joint deformities such as bunions and hammertoes.

Other causes of bunions are foot injuries, neuromuscular disorders, or congenital deformities. People who suffer from flat feet or low arches are also prone to developing these problems, as are arthritic patients and those with inflammatory joint disease. Occupations that place undue stress on the feet are also a factor; ballet dancers, for instance, often develop the condition.

Wearing shoes that are too tight or cause the toes to be squeezed together is also a common factor, one that explains the high prevalence of the disorder among women.

What Can You Do For Relief?

  • Apply a commercial, nonmedicated bunion pad around the bony prominence.
  • Wear shoes with a wide and deep toe box.
  • If your bunion becomes inflamed and painful, apply ice packs several times a day to reduce swelling.
  • Avoid high-heeled shoes over two inches tall.
  • See your Glendale Foot Surgeon if pain persists.

Conservative Treatment For Bunion Pain

Treatment options vary with the type and severity of each bunion, although identifying the deformity early in its development is important in avoiding surgery. Podiatric medical attention should be sought at the first indication of pain or discomfort because, left untreated, bunions tend to get larger and more painful, making nonsurgical treatment less of an option.

The primary goal of most early treatment options is to relieve pressure on the bunion and halt the progression of the joint deformity. A podiatric physician may recommend these treatments: Padding & Taping Often the first step in a treatment plan, padding the bunion minimizes pain and allows the patient to continue a normal, active life. Taping helps keep the foot in a normal position, thus reducing stress and pain. Medication Anti-inflammatory drugs and cortisone injections are often prescribed to ease the acute pain and inflammations caused by joint deformities. Physical Therapy Often used to provide relief of the inflammation and from bunion pain. Ultrasound therapy is a popular technique for treating bunions and their associated soft tissue involvement. Orthotics Shoe inserts may be useful in controlling foot function and may reduce symptoms and prevent worsening of the deformity.

When early treatments fail or the bunion progresses past the threshold for such options, podiatric surgery may become necessary to relieve pressure and repair the toe joint.

Surgical Options

Old school (outdated) techniques involve cutting the bone and shifting the joint over. These have been proven in literature time and time again to not provide long lasting benefits. They do not address the primary deformity – rotation of the bone.

Here at NextGenFoot, we provide the patient with the next generation techniques that have been proven with scholarly research to provide long lasting correction. It is no secret how this is performed, but being a new technique, not many surgeons are well trained in this surgery. Rotation MUST be addressed to prevent recurrence.

  • less (or no) pain during and after the procedure
  • earlier return to function compared to an open procedure
  • smaller incision
  • less soft tissue disruption
  • smaller, cosmetic scars

Bunion Tips

  • Wear comfortable shoes that conform to the shape of your foot.
  • Wear shoes with a wide and deep toe box.
  • Always fit the larger foot and have your feet sized each time you purchase shoes.
  • Apply a commercial, nonmedicated bunion pad around the bony prominence.
  • If your bunion becomes inflamed and painful, apply ice packs several times a day to reduce swelling.
  • Avoid high-heeled shoes over two inches tall.
  • Seek out Dr. Keshishyan – Glendale Podiatrist for evaluation and assistance with uncomfortable or noticeable bunions.